Compost comprises of organic waste that can be given to plants to help them grow. Food scraps and yard waste make up about 30% of household waste.
Unfortunately, this waste is usually thrown away with the rest of the garbage instead of being turned into compost. Companies like Oates Environmental provide composting solutions which are not only beneficial to you but also to the planet.
When compost is not dumped in landfills, less methane is released in the atmosphere. Methane is one of the most potent greenhouse gases.
Basics of Composting
Compost mainly comprises of three ingredients:
- Brown waste which comprises of dead leaves, branches and twigs.
- Green waste which comprises of grass clippings, vegetable waste and fruit peels.
- Water. It is very crucial to add water to compost for its development.
Brown waste supplies your compost with carbon, green waste provides nitrogen and water helps break down the organic matter. There are materials that are good for compost and others that may ruin it. Oates Environmental can provide you with a comprehensive list of these materials to which you should adhere.
Benefits of Composting
Composting has numerous benefits. However, the most common ones among them include:
- Enriching the soil. Composting helps the soil retain moisture and it also represses pests and plant diseases.
- It is a natural fertilizer so it reduces the need to use chemical fertilizers that are harmful to plants and animals.
- Breaks down organic matter into humus. Composting leads to the production of beneficial fungi and bacteria which help create a nutrient dense material known as humus.
- It lowers your carbon footprint by reducing the amount of methane emissions to which you contribute by adding waste to conventional landfills.
How to Make Compost
You can make a compost pile in a variety of ways. However, we are going to look at the two main categories: backyard/outdoor composting and indoor composting.
It will be helpful if you have tools like pitchforks, shovels, machetes and a water hose. Adding water and regular mixing of the compost will help maintain the compost.
Your compost pit or bin should be in a dry spot with a lot of shade. You should ensure there is a water source nearby.
Subsequently add brown waste or green waste as you collect them. If there are large pieces, reduce them to smaller pieces by cutting or shredding them.
Every time you add try materials to your compost pile, ensure you water the pile. Fruit and vegetable waste should be at the bottom of the pile while green waste such as green clippings should be closer to the surface.
You can choose to cover your compost pile with a tarp to keep it moist. Your compost is ready to use when the bottom is dark or colorful. It can take anywhere between two months and two years to get to this point.
You can make a compost pile in a compost bin indoors if you do not have the outdoor space. You can buy it at the gardening supplies or hardware store or make it yourself.
If you do it right, you should have no qualms about pests or rodents in your home. Your compost will be ready in two to five weeks.